An integrated approach to controlling brucellosis in Africa

The USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) and ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute) have published  'An integrated approach to controlling brucellosis in Africa: Workshop report. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI, from a conference held 29-31 January 2013 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.'

The report contains presentations and results of workshops and discussion of the conference that was  attended by some 70 participants. The emphasis was on Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, West Africa (Côte d’Ivoire, Togo, Senegal and Mauritania), Nigeria, Egypt and Somalia.

Some observations were the following:

  • The important role of international organizations in harmonizing legislation according to national priorities
  • Brucellosis is a transboundary disease and requires a regional approach
  • There is a lack of information on situation of brucellosis in each country
  • There is need to develop communication and network between countries
  • There is a lack of cooperation between Francophone and Anglophone countries and brucellosis can be an opportunity for improving collaboration
  • Coordination and knowledge sharing is required at a higher level. In the example of typhoid, also a neglected disease, collaboration led to better management.
  • There is a lot of information which is neither published nor shared.
  • A network to share information would be helpful
  • There is a need to harmonize trade regulations, movement permissions and control. There are many different regulations which impede trade.

In the final sum up of the chair the following interesting observation was made: “We need a toolkit for economic assessment for zoonotic diseases to go alongside the epidemiological tools.”

The full report can be downloaded here.