Scientific report from EFSA published to prevent african swine fever spread through wild boar

African Swine fever virus (ASFV) is increasingly threatening Western Europe as it is spreading from Russia and the Caucasean region to the West. EFSA has published a new scientific report:  "Evaluation of possible mitigation measures to prevent introduction and spread of African swine fever virus through wild boar"

Because the wild boar is an important vector in the spread of the disease, the option to reduce wild boars by hunting was considered. However, the report states that drastic hunting is not a tool to reduce the risk for introduction and spread of ASFV in wild boar populations. It could even be counterproductive, since intensive hunting pressure on wild boar populations leads to dispersion of groups and individual animals and thus promote virus spread.

On the question if prevention of movement of wild boars by feeding or artifical physycial barriers would reduce ASFV spread, the report concldes that artificial feeding of wild boar might increase the risk of ASFV spread, but that fencing can restrict wild boar movements, however further knowledge of the ASF epidemiology and spatial distribution of wild boar is required to identify the areas where fencing could be used as one possible element of a control programme and to assess the feasibility of its implementation.

The Full Report is available HERE

VetEffecT - Scientific report from EFSA published to prevent african swine fever spread through wild boar
VetEffecT - Scientific report from EFSA published to prevent african swine fever spread through wild boar
VetEffecT